Publication List


(74) B. J. Brennan, K.P. Regan, A. C. Durrell, C. A. Schmuttenmaer and G. W. Brudvig, Solvent Dependence of Lateral Charge Transfer in a Porphyrin Monolayer, 2017ACS Energy Lett. 2, 168-173. (Open Source)


(73) J. Jiang, J. R. Swierk, K. L. Materna, S. Hedström, S. H. Lee, R. H. Crabtree, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, V. S. Batista and G. W. Brudvig, High-Potential Porphyrins Supported on SnO2 and TiO2 Surfaces for Photoelectrochemical Applications, 2016J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 28971-28982. (Link)

(72) J.R. Swierk, K.P. Regan, J. Jiang, G.W. Brudvig, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Rutile TiO2 as an Anode Material for Water-Splitting Dye-Sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells, ACS Energy Lett., 2016, 1 (3), pp 603-606 (Link)

(71) M. Koepf, C. Koenigsmann, W. Ding, A. Batra, C.F. A. Negre, L. Venkataraman, G.W. Brudvig, V.S. Batista, C.A. Schmuttenmaer and R.H. Crabtree, Controlling the Rectification Properties of Molecular Junctions through Molecule−Electrode Coupling, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 16357-16362.

(70) C. Koenigsmann, W. Ding, M. Koepf, A. Batra, L. Venkataraman, C.F. A. Negre, G.W. Brudvig, R.H. Crabtree, V.S. Batista and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Structure-Function Relationships in Single Molecule Rectification by N-phenylbenzamide DerivativesNew J. Chem., 2016, 40, 7373-7378.

(69) N.S. McCool, J.R. Swierk, C.T. Nemes, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, T.E. Mallouk, Dynamics of Electron Injection in SnO2-TiO2 Core-Shell Electrodes for Water-splitting Dye-sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 7, 2016, 2930-2934

(68) J. Jiang, J.R. Swierk, S. Hëdstrom, A.J. Matula, R.H. Crabtree, V.S. Batista, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, G.W. Brudvig, Molecular Design of Light-Harvesting Photosensitizers: Effect of Varied Linker Conjugation on Interfacial Electron Transfer, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 18678-18682

(67) K.P. Regan, C. Koenigsmann, S.W. Sheehan, S.J. Konezny, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Size-Dependent Ultrafast Charge Carrier Dynamics of WO3 for Photoelectrochemical Cells, J. Phys. Chem. C2016, 120 (27), pp 14926–14933

(66) N.S. McCool, J.R. Swierk, C.T. Nemes, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and T. E. Mallouk, Proton-Induced Trap States, Injection and Recombination Dynamics in Water-Splitting Dye-Sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, 8 (26), pp 16727-16735 

(65)  B.J. Brennan, C. Koenigsmann, K.L. Materna, P.M. Kim, M. Koepf, R.H. Crabtree, C.A. Schmuttenmaer and G.W. Brudvig, Surface-Induced Deprotection of THP-Protected Hydroxamic Acids on Titanium Dioxide, 2016J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 12495-12502.

(64) D.J. Aschaffenburg, M.R.C. Williams, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Terahertz spectroscopic polarimetry of generalized anisotropic media composed of Archimedean spiral arrays: Experiments and simulations, J. Chem. Phys., 2016, 144, 174705

(63) C. Li, C. Koenigsmann, F. Deng, A. Hagstrom, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and J. Kim, Photocurrent Enhancement from Solid-State Triplet-Triplet Annihilation of Low-Intensity, Low-Energy Photons, ACS Photonics, in press. 

(62) J.R. Swierk, N.S. McCool, C.T. Nemes, T.E. Mallouk, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer,  Ultrafast Electron Injection Dynamics of Photoanodes for Water-Splitting Dye-Sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells, J. Phys. Chem. C2016120 (11), 5940–5948

(61) S.F. Liew, S.M. Popoff, S.W. Sheehan, A. Goetschy, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, A.D. Stone, and H. Cao, Coherent Control of Photocurrent in a Strongly Scattering Photoelectrochemical System, ACS Photonics20163 (3), 449–455



(60) C.T. Nemes, C. Koenigsmann, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Functioning Photoelectrochemical Devices Studied with Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. Lett.20156 (16), 3257–3262

(59) W. Ding, M. Koepf, C. Koenigsmann, A. Batra, L. Venkataraman, C.F.A. Negre, G.W. Brudvig, R.H. Crabtree, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and V.S. Batista, Computational Design of Intrinsic Molecular Rectifiers Based on Asymmetric Functionalization of N-Phenylbenzamide, J. Chem. Theory Comput.201511(12), 5888–5896

(58) R.L. Milot, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Electron Injection Dynamics in High-Potential Porphyrin Photoanodes, Acc. Chem. Res.201548(5), 1423–1431

(57) P.K. Poddutoori, J.M. Thomsen, R.L. Milot, S.W. Sheehan, C.F. Negre, V.K.R. Garapati, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, V.S. Batista, G.W. Brudvig, and A. van der Est, Interfacial Electron Transfer in High-Potential Photoanodes based on Phosphorus(V) Porphyrin Sensitizers Co-deposited on SnO2 with the IrIIICp* Water Oxidation Precatalyst, J. Mater. Chem. A, 20153, 3868-3879

(56) C. Li, C. Koenigsmann, W. Ding, B. Rudshteyn, K.R. Yang, K.P. Regan, S.J. Konezny, V.S. Batista, G.W. Brudvig, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and J. Kim, Facet-Dependent Photoelectrochemical Performance of TiO2 Nanostructures: An Experimental and Computational Study, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2015137 (4), 1520–1529

(55) S.W. Sheehan, J.M. Thomsen, U. Hintermair, R H. Crabtree, G.W. Brudvig, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, A molecular catalyst for ​water oxidation that binds to metal oxide surfaces, Nat. Commun., 2015, 6, 646


(54) C. Koenigsmann, T.S. Ripolles, B.J. Brennan, C.F.A. Negre, M. Koepf, A.C. Durrell, R.L. Milot, J.A. Torre, R.H. Crabtree, V.S. Batista, G.W. Brudvig, J. Bisquert, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Substitution of a hydroxamic acid anchor into the MK-2 dye for enhanced photovoltaic performance and water stability in a DSSC, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.2014, 16(31),16629-41.

(53) J.B. Baxter, C. Richter, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Ultrafast Carrier Dynamics in Nanostructures for Solar Fuels, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.201465, 423-447

(52) W. Ding, C.F.A. Negre, J.L. Palma, A.C. Durrell, L.J. Allen, K.J. Young, R.L. Milot, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, G.W. Brudvig, R.H. Crabtree, and V.S. Batista, Linker Rectifiers for Covalent Attachment of Transition-Metal Catalysts to Metal-Oxide Surfaces, Chem. Phys. Chem.201415(6), 1138–1147


(51) C.F.A Negre, R.L. Milot, L.A. Martini, W. Ding, R.H. Crabtree, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and V.S. Batista, Efficiency of Interfacial Electron Transfer from Zn-Porphyrin Dyes into TiO2 Correlated to the Linker Single Molecule Conductance, J. Phys. Chem. C2013117(46), 24462-24470

(50) R.L. Milot, G.F. Moore, R.H. Crabtree, G.W. Brudvig, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Electron Injection Dynamics from Photoexcited Porphyrin Dyes into SnO2 and TiO2 Nanoparticles, J. Phys. Chem. C2013117(42), 42, 21662 - 21670

(49) M.R.C. Williams, D.J. Aschaffenburg, B.K. Ofori-Okai, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Intermolecular Vibrations in Hydrophobic Amino Acid Crystals: Experiments and Calculations, J. Phys. Chem. B2013117(36), 10444-10461

(48) L.A. Martini, G.F. Moore, R.L. Milot, L.Z. Cai, S.W. Sheehan, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, G.W. Brudvig, and R.H. Crabtree, Modular Assembly of High-Potential Zinc Porphyrin Photosensitizers Attached to TiO2 with a Series of Anchoring Groups, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013117(28), 14526–14533

(47) T.P. Brewster, S.J. Konezny, S.W. Sheehan, L.A. Martini, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, V.S. Batista, and R.H. Crabtree, Hydroxamate Anchors for Improved Photoconversion in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Inorg. Chem.201352(11), 6752-6764 

(46) S.W. Sheehan, H. Noh, G.W. Brudvig, H. Cao, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Plasmonic Enhancement of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Core-Shell-Shell Nanostructures, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117(2), 927-934


(45) D.J. Aschaffenburg, M.R.C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D.F. Santavicca, D.E. Prober, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2012100, 241114

(44) K.J. Young, L.A. Martini, R.L. Milot, I.I.I. Snoeberger, C. Robert, V.S. Batista, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, and G.W. Brudvig, Light-driven water oxidation for solar fuels, Coord. Chem. Rev.2012256, 2503-2520

(43) G.F. Moore, S.J. Konezny, H.E. Song, R.L. Milot, J.D. Blakemore, M.L. Lee, V.S. Batista, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, and G.W. Brudvig, Bioinspired High-Potential Porphyrin Photoanodes, J. Phys. Chem. C2012116 (7), 4892–4902


(42) S.J. Konezny, C. Richter, R.C. Snoeberger, A.R. Parent, G.W. Brudvig, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and V.S. Batista, Fluctuation-Induced Tunneling Conductivity in Nanoporous TiO2 Thin Films, J. Phys. Chem. Lett.20112(15), 1931-1936

(41) G.F. Moore, J.D. Blakemore, R.L. Milot, J.F. Hull, H.E. Song, L.Z. Cai, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, and G.W. Brudvig, A visible light water-splitting cell with a photoanode formed by codeposition of a high-potential porphyrin and an iridium water-oxidation catalyst, Energy Environ. Sci.20114, 2389-2392

(40) D.E. Rosenfeld, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Dynamics of the Water Hydrogen Bond Network at Ionic, Nonionic, and Hydrophobic Interfaces in Nanopores and Reverse Micelles, J. Phys. Chem. B2011115(5), 1021-1031

(39) M.R.C Williams, A.B. True, A.F. Izmaylov, T.A. French, K. Schroeck, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Terahertz Spectroscopy of Enantiopure and Racemic Polycrystalline Valine, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.201113, 11719-11730

(38) A.B. True, K. Schroeck, T.A. French, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Terahertz Spectroscopy of Histidine Enantiomers and Polymorphs, J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves201132, 691-698


(37) C. Richter, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Exciton-like trap states limit electron mobility in TiO2 nanotubes, Nat. Nanotechnol.20105, 769-772

(36) S.M. Harrel, R.L. Milot, J.M. Schleicher, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Influence of free-carrier absorption on terahertz generation from ZnTe(110), J. Appl. Phys.2010107, 033526


(35) J.B. Baxter, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Carrier dynamics in bulk ZnO. II. Transient photoconductivity measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B200980, 235206

(34) J.M. Schleicher, S.M. Harrel, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Effect of spin-polarized electrons on terahertz emission from photoexcited GaAs, J. Appl. Phys.2009105, 113116

(33) W.R. McNamara, R.C. Snoeberger, G.H. Li, C. Richter, L.J. Allen, R.L. Milot, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, G.W. Brudvig, and V.S. Batista, Hydroxamate anchors for water-stable attachment to TiO2 nanoparticles, Energy Environ. Sci.20092, 1173-1175

(32) G.H. Li, C.P. Richter, R.L. Milot, L.Z. Cai, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, G.W. Brudvig, and V.S. Batista, Synergistic effect between anatase and rutile TiO2 nanoparticles in dye-sensitized solar cells, Dalton Trans.2009, 10078-10085


(31) W.R. McNamara, R.C. Snoeberger, G.H. Li, J.M. Schleicher, C.W. Cady, M. Poyatos, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, G.W. Brudvig, and V.S. Batista, Acetylacetonate Anchors for Robust Functionalization of TiO2 Nanoparticles with Mn(II)-Terpyridine Complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2008130(43), 14329-14338

(30) Mandal, K. C., S. H. Kang, M. Choi, J. Chen, X. C. Zhang, J. M. Schleicher, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, and N. C. Fernelilis, III-VI chalcogenide semiconductor crystals for broadband tunable THz sources and sensors, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.200814, 284-288


(29) M.O. Reese, D.F. Santavicca, D.E. Prober, A.B. True, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Niobium direct detectors for fast and sensitive terahertz spectroscopy, Rev. Sci. Instrum.200778, 086111

(28) S.G. Abuabara, C.W. Cady, J.B. Baxter, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, R.H. Crabtree, G.W. Brudvig, and V.S. Batista, Ultrafast photooxidation of Mn(II)-Terpyridine complexes covalently attached to TiO2 nanoparticles, J. Phys. Chem. C2007111(32), 11982-11990

(27) D.F. Santavicca, M.O. Reese, A.B. True, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and D.E. Prober, Antenna-coupled niobium bolometers for terahertz spectroscopy, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.200717, 412-415


(26) J.B Baxter, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Conductivity of ZnO nanowires, nanoparticles, and thin films using time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B2006110(50), 25229-25239

(25) D.E. Rosenfeld, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Dynamics of water confined within reverse micelles, J. Phys. Chem. B2006110, 14304-14310


(24) E. Beaurepaire, G.M. Turner, S.M. Harrel, M.C. Beard, J.Y. Bigot, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Coherent terahertz emission from ferromagnetic films excited by femtosecond laser pulses, Appl. Phys. Lett.200484, 3465-3467

(23) C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Exploring dynamics in the far-infrared with terahertz spectroscopy, Chem. Rev.2004104, 1759-1779


(22) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, J.E. Murphy, O.I. Micic, M.C. Hanna, A.J. Nozik, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Electronic coupling in InP nanoparticle arrays, Nano Lett.20033(12), 1695-1699

(21) C.A. Schmuttenmaer, G.M. Turner, and M.C. Beard, Transient photoconductivity in CdSe nanoparticles and nanocrystalline TiO2 as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials II, 20035223, 64-69


(20) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Measuring intramolecular charge transfer via coherent generation of THz radiation, J. Phys. Chem. A2002106(6), 878-883

(19) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Progress towards two-dimensional biomedical imaging with THz spectroscopy, Phys. Med. Biol.200247, 3841-3846

(18) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Size-dependent photoconductivity in CdSe nanoparticles as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, Nano Lett.20022, 983-987

(17) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Terahertz spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B2002106(29), 7146-7159

(16) G.M. Turner, M.C. Beard, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Carrier localization and cooling in dye-sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide, J. Phys. Chem. B2002106(45), 11716-11719

(15) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Low frequency, collective solvent dynamics probed with time-resolved THz spectroscopy, ACS SYM SER2002820, 44-57


(14) J.P. Wolf, Y.L. Pan, G.M. Turner, M.C. Beard, C.A. Schmuttenmaer, S. Holler, and R.K. Chang, Ballistic trajectories of optical wave packets within microcavities, Phys. Rev. A200164, 023808

(13) D.S. Venables, K. Huang, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Effect of reverse micelle size on the librational band of confined water and methanol, J. Phys. Chem. B2001105(38), 9132-9138

(12) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Subpicosecond carrier dynamics in low-temperature grown GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, J. Appl. Phys.200190, 5915-5923

(11) M.C. Beard, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Using the finite-difference time-domain pulse propagation method to simulate time-resolved THz experiments, J. Chem. Phys.2001114, 2903-290


(10) C.A. Schmuttenmaer, and D.S. Venables, Spectroscopy and dynamics of mixtures of water with acetone, acetonitrile, and methanol, J. Chem. Phys.2000113, 24, 11222-11236

(9) D.S. Venables, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Structure and dynamics of nonaqueous mixtures of dipolar liquids. II. Molecular dynamics simulations, J. Chem. Phys.2000113, 3249-3260

(8) D.S. Venables, A. Chiu, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Structure and dynamics of nonaqueous mixtures of dipolar liquids. I. Infrared and far-infrared spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys.2000113, 3243-3248

(7) G.M. Turner, M.C. Beard, D.S. Venables, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, A direct measurement of intermolecular solvation dynamics using time-resolved THz spectroscopy (TRTS), Photoinduced Charge Transfer2000, 223-232

(6) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Measurement of electromagnetic radiation emitted during rapid intramolecular electron transfer, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2000122, 11541-11542

(5) M.C. Beard, G.M. Turner, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B200062, 15764-15777


(4) J.T. Kindt, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Theory for determination of the low-frequency time-dependent response function in liquids using time-resolved terahertz pulse spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys.1999110, 8589-8596


(3) D.S. Venables, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Far-infrared spectra and associated dynamics in acetonitrile-water mixtures measured with femtosecond THz pulse spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys.1998108, 4935-4944


(2) Kindt, J. T., and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Far-infrared absorption spectra of water, ammonia, and chloroform calculated from instantaneous normal mode theory, J. Chem. Phys.1997106, 4389-4400


(1) J.T. Kindt, and C.A. Schmuttenmaer, Far-infrared dielectric properties of polar liquids probed by femtosecond terahertz pulse spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem.1996100, 10373-10379